内容简介

  APortraitoftheArtistasaYoungMan,中文译名为《一个青年艺术家的肖像》,《一个青年艺术家的肖像 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young M》是乔伊斯由其弃作《斯蒂芬英雄》改写而成的一部半自传体小说。小说颠覆了传统的叙事方式,以意识流的手法描写了极具艺术家气质的青年斯蒂芬痛苦曲折的成长历程,以及在成长过程中对于宗教传统、民族情绪、家庭生活的反思。《一个青年艺术家的肖像 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young M》在很大程度上来源于乔伊斯本人的生活体验,展现出了一位艺术家复杂敏感的内心世界。在此之后,书中的青年斯蒂芬继续成长,走入了意识流鸿篇《尤利西斯》之中。

作者简介

  
  詹姆斯·乔伊斯(JamesJoyce,1882-1941)
  爱尔兰作家、诗人,二十世纪伟大的作家之一,后现代文学的奠基者之一,其作品及"意识流"思想对世界文坛影响巨大。1920年起定居巴黎。其一生颠沛流离,辗转于欧洲各地,靠教授英语和写作糊口,晚年饱受眼疾之痛,几近失明。其作品结构复杂,用语奇特,极富独创性。主要作品是短篇小说集《都柏林人》(1914)描写下层市民的日常生活,显示社会环境对人的理想和希望的毁灭。自传体小说《青年艺术家的自画像》(1916)以大量内心独白描述人物心理及其周围世界。代表作长篇小说《尤利西斯》(1922)表现现代社会中人的孤独与悲观。后期作品长篇小说《芬尼根的守灵夜》(1939)借用梦境表达对人类的存在和命运的思考,语言极为晦涩难懂。

精彩书评

  
  ◆欧洲散文的领袖。--庞德(美国诗人和文学评论家)

  ◆没有乔伊斯,就没有解构。--雅克·德里达(法国哲学家,解构主义代表人物)

  ◆乔伊斯的作品不是关于事物本身,而就是事物本身。--萨缪尔·贝克特(爱尔兰诗人)

  ◆乔伊斯不顾一切专注于表现内心深处的火花掠过大脑时隐约间传递出无数信息。--伍尔夫(英国作家)

精彩书摘

Onceuponatimeandaverygoodtimeitwastherewasamoocowcomingdownalongtheroadandthismoocowthatwascomingdownalongtheroadmetanicenslittleboynamedbabytuckoo…

Hisfathertoldhimthatstory:hisfatherlookedathimthroughaglass:hehadahairyface.

Hewasbabytuckoo.ThemoocowcamedowntheroadwhereBettyByrnelived:shesoldlemonplatt.

O,thewildroseblossoms

Onthelittlegreenplace.

Hesangthatsong.Thatwashissong.

O,thegreenwothebotheth.

Whenyouwetthebedfirstitiswarmthenitgetscold.Hismotherputontheoilsheet.Thathadthequeersmell.

Hismotherhadanicersmellthanhisfather.Sheplayedonthepianothesailor’shornpipeforhimtodance.Hedanced:

Tralalalala,

Tralalatralaladdy,

Tralalalala,

Tralalalala.

UncleCharlesandDanteclapped.TheywereolderthanhisfatherandmotherbutuncleCharleswasolderthanDante.

Dantehadtwobrushesinherpress.ThebrushwiththemaroonvelvetbackwasforMichaelDavittandthebrushwiththegreenvelvetbackwasforParnell.Dantegavehimacachoueverytimehebroughtherapieceoftissuepaper.

TheVanceslivedinnumberseven.Theyhadadifferentfatherandmother.TheywereEileen’sfatherandmother.WhentheyweregrownuphewasgoingtomarryEileen.Hehidunderthetable.Hismothersaid:

—O,Stephenwillapologize.

Dantesaid:

—O,ifnot,theeagleswillcomeandpullouthiseyes.—

Pullouthiseyes,

Apologize,

Apologize,

Pullouthiseyes.

Apologize,

Pullouthiseyes,

Pullouthiseyes,

Apologize.

Thewideplaygroundswereswarmingwithboys.Allwereshoutingandtheprefectsurgedthemonwithstrongcries.Theeveningairwaspaleandchillyandaftereverychargeandthudofthefootballersthegreasyleatherorbflewlikeaheavybirdthroughthegreylight.Hekeptonthefringeofhisline,outofsightofhisprefect,outofthereachoftherudefeet,feigningtorunnowandthen.Hefelthisbodysmallandweakamidthethrongoftheplayersandhiseyeswereweakandwatery.RodyKickhamwasnotlikethat:hewouldbecaptainofthethirdlineallthefellowssaid.

RodyKickhamwasadecentfellowbutNastyRochewasastink.RodyKickhamhadgreavesinhisnumberandahamperintherefectory.NastyRochehadbighands.HecalledtheFridaypuddingdog-in-the-blanket.Andonedayhehadasked:

—Whatisyourname?

Stephenhadanswered:StephenDedalus.

ThenNastyRochehadsaid:

—Whatkindofanameisthat?

AndwhenStephenhadnotbeenabletoanswerNastyRochehadasked:

—Whatisyourfather?

Stephenhadanswered:

—Agentleman.

ThenNastyRochehadasked:

—Isheamagistrate?

Hecreptaboutfrompointtopointonthefringeofhisline,makinglittlerunsnowandthen.Buthishandswerebluishwithcold.Hekepthishandsinthesidepocketsofhisbeltedgreysuit.Thatwasabeltroundhispocket.Andbeltwasalsotogiveafellowabelt.OnedayafellowsaidtoCantwell:

—I’dgiveyousuchabeltinasecond.

Cantwellhadanswered:

—Goandfightyourmatch.GiveCecilThunderabelt.I’dliketoseeyou.He’dgiveyouatoeintherumpforyourself.


其他推荐